indian spices
  • Save
BLOG

Indian Spices

Spices are one of the most famous forms of natural foods. They help in the indigenous system of medicine. Indian spices act as natural healers since ancient times.

India is the Home Of Spices. This is due to the fact the quality of the spices produced in. India’s exports of spice extracts have shown spectacular growth. It is attaining over 50 percent of the global market.

Indian Spices are the secret to the tasty food of India. Indian spices are famous worldwide. They help in various medical treatments.

Indian spices
  • Save

Brief Of Medical Terms Used :

  • Amnesia: Forgetfulness
  • Analgesic: A drug which alleviates pain
  • Aphrodisiac: A drug promotes sexual desire
  • Astringent: A drug which arrests secretion or bleeding
  • Caries: Decay of tooth
  • Colic: Pain due to contraction of the abdomen
  • Endosperm: The stored food supply in the seeds
  • Expectorant: A drug that promotes the removal of Phlegm from the bronchial tubes.
  • Flatulence: A disorder in which excessive collection of gas in the stomach
  • Haemorrhage: Bleeding from any part of the body
  • Laxative: A drug which produces evacuated bowels
  • Tannic Acid: An organic compound used as an astringent
  • Volatile: Capable of rapid evaporation in air

Indian Spices – Uses, Health Benefits, English Names

1. Saunf (Fennel)

Indian spice-aniseed
  • Save

It acts as a flavouring agent to flavour curries, sweets, cake. Saunf even acts as a flavouring agent in cookies, and biscuits. It is a popular agent for dental preparations. It even helps for mouthwashes.

Saunf should not be boiled for a long time. It may lose its digestive properties and essential oil during the process.

Health Uses:

Saunf is helpful in many health conditions. It is due to the presence of its essential oil. They also possess mucus clearing properties.

Other health benefits are:

  • Asthma
  • Cataract
  • Gas Formula
  • Head Lice
  • Insomnia

2. Hing (Asafoetida)

indian spice- heeng
  • Save

Hing is dirty yellow in colour, acrid and bitter in taste. It emits a strong, disagreeable, pungent odor. The odor is due to the sulphur compounds. Asafoetida acts as a flavouring agent.

Hing is not useful in excess, due to its semitoxic effects. Infants and children, in particular, should not be given in the oral form.

Health Uses:

Hing is widely helpful in the indigenous system of medicines from the earliest times in India. Hing oil has antibiotic properties and inhibits the growth of microbes.

  • Digestive Disorders
  • Respiratory Disorders
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Aches
  • Amnesia
  • Sexual Impotence
  • Hysteria
  • Toothache

3. Tulsi (Basil)

indian spice-basil
  • Save

It is also known as sweet basil and is a well-known common plant in India. In India, Tulsi is treated as a goddess of Vrinda. She is regarded as the great worshipper of God Vishnu.

It even acts as a flavouring agent in tomato cocktail, cooked peas and many more.

Health Uses:

The leaves and seeds of the plant possess curative properties. The leaves are nerve tonic. They help in sharpening your memory.

The seeds of the plant are nourishing. They also increase the secretion and discharge of urine.

Tulsi helps in many health problems like:

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Cold
  • Sinus trouble
  • Constipation
  • Skin Diseases
  • Tooth Disorders
  • Toothache
  • Poisoning

4. Ajwain (Bishops Weed)

Indian spice-ajwain
  • Save

It belongs to a coriander family. The dry seeds are in the form of Ajowan Seeds. The seeds are aromatic, sharp, and tingling.

The greyish brown seeds are used as a spice, in flavouring numerous foods. It also acts as an anti-oxidants, preservatives. Ajwain is also helpful in making medicine. The aqueous solution of thymol is an excellent mouthwash. Thymol is a constituent of many kinds of toothpaste.

Its excessive use can cause dryness of the fluids, damages the eyes.

Health Uses:

The seeds are useful in counteracting spasmodic disorders. Ajwain oil is an antiseptic and aromatic carminative in India. The leaves of the plant are vermicide.

A pinch of ajwain seeds is given along with jaggery as a folk medicine. It is given to prevent indigestion and gastrointestinal infection after childbirth.

Ajwain helps in many other health problems like

  • Bronchitis
  • Cold
  • Influenza
  • Cholera
  • Colic
  • Throat Congestion
  • Migraine

5. Elaichi ( Cardamom)

indian spice- elaichi
  • Save

It is broadly grouped into two categories, namely, Chotti Elaichi and Badi Elaichi. Elaichi constitutes one of the most important and valued spices in the world. It is also the second most important national spice of India. It is also known as Queen Of Spices.

The essential oil of elaichi is helpful both in pharmacy and perfumery.

Health Uses:

The aroma and therapeutic properties are due to its volatile oil. The aromatic flavours in elaichi is a good mouth cleaner. A few seeds chewed for some time will remove foul smell.

Other health benefits are:

  • Depression
  • Hiccups
  • Indigestion
  • Scanty Urination
  • Sexual Impotence
  • Sore throat

6. Dalchini ( Cinnamon)

indian spice- dalchini
  • Save

Dalchini is one of the most popular spices used in every home. It has a delicate fragrance and a warm agreeable taste. It is extensively used as a spice or condiment in the form of small pieces or powder.

Dalchini is for flavouring cakes and Indian curries. Its oil is an excellent food preservative. The excess use of dalchini is not good as it may prove harmful to the kidneys and the bladder.

Health Uses:

The leaves of dalchini can be in the form of powder. They are stimulants and are useful in relieving flatulence and increasing secretion and discharge of urine.

Other health benefits:

  • Acne
  • Asthma
  • Bad Breath
  • Cold
  • Diabetes
  • Diarrhea
  • Headache
  • Indigestion
  • Sore throat
  • Paralysis

7. Laung ( Clove)

Indian spice- laung
  • Save

Laung has been used in India and China from ancient times. It can be used both as a spice and medicine to check tooth decay and bad breath. It is used as a table spice and mixed with chilies and other spices in the preparation of curry powder. Ther are also used to flavour the betel quid (paan).

Its oil helps in the manufacturing of perfumes, soaps, bath salts and as a flavouring agent in medicine and dentistry.

Health Uses:

Laung has many medicinal properties. These properties emanate from volatile oil contained in it. This oil is stimulant, antiseptic and expectorant. It also helps in sluggish circulation and thereby promote digestion and metabolism.

Clove oil contains ingredients helps in stabilizing blood circulation and regulate body temperature.

Other health benefits are:

  • Blood Clot
  • Bronchitis
  • Cholera
  • Food Poisoning
  • Migraine
  • Toothache
  • Tuberculosis

8. Dhaniya ( Coriander)

indian spice- dhaniya
  • Save

Dhaniya is a well-known condiment crop. It abounds in the season by the fascinating bunch full in almost every vegetable shop. Fresh coriander leaves and dried coriander seeds are helpful.

The fresh leaves are used for flavouring curries and soups. Chutneys are even made by mixing min leaves and some other items with coriander leaves. Chutneys are served in every Indian restaurant with curries to enhance the taste of the food.

Health Uses:

The leaves of coriander strengthen the stomach and promote its action. They relieve flatulence, increase secretion and discharge of urine and reduce fever. It promote sexual desire, helps in the removal of phlegm from the bronchial tubes.

Coriander seeds are carminative, aromatic and stimulant. They reduce feverishness and promote a feeling of coolness.

Other health benefits:

  • Acidity
  • Acne
  • Dry Skin
  • Fever
  • Excess Menstruation
  • Indigestion
  • Small Pox
  • High Blood Cholesterol

9. Jeera ( Cumin Seeds)

Indian spies- jeera
  • Save

It belongs to the coriander family. It is one of the oldest spice, known as Biblical times. The plant has aromatic seed-like fruit, commonly known as cumin seed. It has a strong aromatic smell and warm. It has a bitterish taste. The taste is due to the presence of volatile oil.

Jeera is extensively used in mixed spices and for flavoring curries, soups, sausages, bread, and cakes. It also helps in Indian medicine factories.

Health Benefits:

Jeera is a rich source of thymol. It helps against hookworm infections and also as an antiseptic. Jeera forms part of many proprietary preparations. It is a stimulant. Jeera also strengthens the stomach and arrests bleeding.

Other Health Benefits:

  • Diarrhea
  • Piles
  • Infections
  • Sinus
  • Boils
  • Bleeding

10. Kadhi Pata ( Curry Leaves)

indian spice- kadhi pata
  • Save

Curry leaves have been used for centuries in South India as a natural flavouring agent in sambar, rasam, and curries. Chutney can be made by mixing the leaves with coriander leaves, coconut scraping. The leaves, bark and the root of the curry plant are used in indigenous medicine.

Health Uses:

It possesses the qualities of a herbal tonic. They strengthen the functions of the stomach and promote its action. They also act as a mild laxative. The leaves may be taken mixed with other mild tasting herbs. The juice extracted from 15 grams of leaves. It can be taken with buttermilk as an add on in the buttermilk.

Other health benefits:

  • Burns
  • Diabetes
  • Hair Problems
  • Hair Regrowth
  • Insect Bite
  • Dysentery
  • Morning sickness

11. Mulethi ( Liquorice)

Indian spice- mulethi
  • Save

It is a popular flavouring agent. Mulethi can be chewed or can be taken in a powder form mixed with honey. It can also be taken in the form of decoction or an infusion.

Excess use of mulethi is not advisable as it may cause an increase in weight and puffiness in the body. It should be avoided in pregnancy and in heart and kidney conditions. It can even increase your Blood pressure it taken in excess.

Health Uses:

Mulethi is in the pharmacy industry for thousands of years. It was considered to be a first-class drug and have rejuvenating properties. It helps in feverishness, pain, cough.

Mulethi is potent, multi-faced medicine. It has strong anti-cancer properties because of a high concentration of glycyrrhizin. It also kills bacteria, fights ulcers.

Other health benefits:

  • Cancer
  • Constipation
  • Corns
  • Cough
  • Muscular Pain
  • Stomach distress
  • Wounds

12. Kali Mirch ( Black Pepper)

indian spice- kali mirch
  • Save

Black Pepper is one of the oldest and the most popular of all spices. It is the King Of Spices. Pepper is the most widely act as a condiment. Its flavour and pungency blend well with most savory dishes. It has extensive culinary uses. It is helpful in making pickles, ketchup.

Health Uses:

Pepper is useful in pyorrhoea or pus in the gums. Eating six black pepper with four almonds daily, with milk is a nerve-tonic. It acts as an aphrodisiac. It is used as a young tonic person.

Other health benefits:

  • Amnesia
  • Cold
  • Dental Care
  • Digestive Disorders
  • Muscular Pain
  • Pyorrhoea
  • Sexual Impotence
  • Toothache

13. Kesar ( Saffron)

indian spice saffron
  • Save

Saffron is one of the world’s oldest and expensive spices. It is estimated that one pound of saffron consists of about 225000 to 5000000 dried stigmas. It requires the picking by the hand of 75000 flowers.

Health Benefits:

It is credited with various medicinal properties. Saffron is largely used in indigenous medicine across India. It enjoys great reputation which helps in strengthening the functioning of the stomach and promotes its action.

Saffron is beneficial in the treatment of several digestive disorders. Its use is especially valuable in flatulent colic.

Other health benefits:

  • Sores
  • Colic
  • Diabetes
  • Fevers
  • Menstrual irregularities
  • Scanty urination

14. Imli ( Tamarind)

indian spice- imli
  • Save

Imli is very popular all over India as a condiment and as a souring substance. It plays an important role in numerous preparation in the country.

Many parts of the trees help in native medicines in Africa and Asia. The seeds help in jam and jelly in the FMCG industry.

Health Benefits:

Imli is an important item of diet in the sailing ships of olden times as the acid and sugars contents of the fruit helped offset the starchy diet of seamen.

The leaves are stimulant, cooling and antibilious. They also increase the secretion and discharge of urine. The pulp of imli is digestive.

Other health benefits:

  • Burns
  • Cold
  • Flatulence
  • Scurvy
  • Swellings
  • Vomitings

15. Haldi ( Turmeric)

Indian spice- haldi
  • Save

Haldi is a versatile natural plant. It combines the properties of a flavouring spice. It is a brilliant yellow dye, a natural beauty-aid and an effective household remedy for several diseases.

Haldi powder is extensively for its flavours and colour in pickles. It is helpful in mustard, curries, and other foodstuffs. It is also an important dye in Southern Asia. Haldi helps in dyeing cotton but the colour is fugitive.

Health Benefits:

Haldi is truly one of the marvelous medicinal spices of the world. It acts as a drug to strengthen the stomach. Haldi promotes its action and also as a tonic. It even helps in purifying your blood.

It is useful in curing periodic attacks. Haldi is also carminative. It is also an antiseptic, anti-flatulent, blood purifier and expectorant.

Other health benefits:

  • Anemia
  • Arthritis
  • Asthma
  • Boils
  • Cough and Cold
  • Flatulence
  • Scabies
  • Bronchitis
  • Sore eyes
  • Throat Infections
  • Worms

Conclusion

The main Indian spices in the Indian kitchen and worldwide have been explained properly with their uses and health benefits.

Still, if some of the spices are left as India is a land of spices. There are endless spices which can be found in our land. Please feel free to leave a comment with a name and rest leave it on us.

Read More:

A COMPREHENSIVE GUIDE ON HAIR LOSS
LEMON WATER: BENEFITS & SIDE EFFECTS

Copy link